“Map of Bison Distribution Over Time.”  Kentucky Geological Survey.  c. 1876.

So incredible to think that there used to be bison  as far as Pennsylvania. 


World Map - Heinrich Bunting, circa 1600By the time Bunting made this map the tradition of centering such maps on Jerusalem had almost disappeared. America makes an appearance at lower left; also note the Red Sea, the pink area between the bases of the Asia and Africa leaves of the shamrock.

Biafra and Nigeria, Africa in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Half of a Yellow Sun
“The Second World War changed the world order: Empire was crumbling, and a vocal Nigerian elite, mostly from the South, had emerged. The North was wary; it feared domination from the more educated South and had always wanted a country separate from the infidel South anyway… The South, too eager for independence, accepted the constitution… At Independence in 1960, Nigeria was a collection of fragments held in a fragile clasp.”1
The Nigeria of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Half of a Yellow Sun is one of political unrest and inharmonious factions. Adichie illustrates her tale of the Nigerian-Biafran war through the perspective of three main characters: Ugwu, the houseboy of the revolutionary university lecturer; Olanna, the daughter of the wealthy Nigerian businessman; and Richard, the British writer whose work and relationships help him grow strong Biafran roots. Each dynamic character witnesses clear discontented feelings among the citizens of Nigeria as to how the country is held together, accompanied with much exploration and confrontation regarding the solution via dinner parties and get-togethers. The birth of Biafra by way of secession from Nigeria becomes a beacon of hope for the Igbo people of the South, but the repercussions are catastrophic as the militant and genocidal Hausa soldiers uproot and destroy their lives and their newly-established country. While dealing with loss, grief, death, and love in their personal lives, each character must come to terms with the difficulty of war, while remaining hopeful for the future of Nigeria.
Read more about the setting of Half of a Yellow Sun (as well as more of your favorite books!) on Booma.
1 Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi. Half of a Yellow Sun. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006. 195. Print.

A Few Ebola Cases Likely In U.S., Air Traffic Analysis Predicts
It’s only a matter of time, some researchers are warning, before isolated cases of Ebola start turning up in developed nations, as well as hitherto-unaffected African countries.
The current Ebola outbreak in West Africa has killed more people than all previous outbreaks combined, the World Health Organization said Wednesday. The official count ;includes about 3,600 cases and 1,800 deaths across four countries.
Meanwhile, the authors of a new analysis say many countries — including the U.S. — should gear up to recognize, isolate and treat imported cases of Ebola.
The probability of seeing at least one imported case of Ebola in the U.S. is as high as 18 percent by late September, researchers reported Tuesday in the journal PLOS Currents: Outbreaks. That’s compared with less than 5 percent right now.
These predictions are based on the flow of airline passengers from West Africa and the difficulty of preventing an infected passenger from boarding a flight.
As with any such analysis, there’s some uncertainty. The range of a probable U.S. importation of Ebola by Sept. 22 runs from 1 percent to 18 percent. But with time — and a continuing intense outbreak in West Africa — importation is almost inevitable, the researchers told NPR.
"What is happening in West Africa is going to get here. We can’t escape that at this point," says physicist Alessandro Vespignani, the senior author on the study, who analyzes the spread of infectious diseases at Northeastern University.
Continue reading.
Image: Air traffic connections from West Africa to the rest of the world: While Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone don’t have many flights outside the region, Nigeria is well-connected to Europe and the U.S. (PLOS Currents: Outbreaks)

This map shows where every Disney movie takes place.


Travel - it’s always on my mind.

Missing this little home.